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wake separation faa table

When applying wake turbulence separation criteria, directly behind means an aircraft is operating within 2500 feet of the flight path of the leading aircraft over the surface of the earth. 2. Consider parallel runways less than 2,500 feet apart as a single runway because of the possible effects of wake …

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  • Section 5   Federal Aviation Administration

    Section 5 Federal Aviation Administration

    When applying wake turbulence separation criteria, directly behind means an aircraft is operating within 2500 feet of the flight path of the leading aircraft over the surface of the earth. 2. Consider parallel runways less than 2,500 feet apart as a single runway because of the possible effects of wake …

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  • Wake Turbulence Separation – Cuitan Dokter

    Wake Turbulence Separation – Cuitan Dokter

    Aug 21, 2020018332The faa has undertaken an effort to recategorize the existing fleet of aircraft and modify associated wake turbulence separation minima. this initiative is termed wake turbulence recategorization recat, and changes the current weight based classes super, heavy, b757, large, small , and small to a wake based categorical system that utilizes.

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  • Resources   Notices   FAA   FAASTeam   FAASafety gov

    Resources Notices FAA FAASTeam FAASafety gov

    Refer to FAA Order JO 7110.126a, Consolidated Wake Turbulence Radar Separation Standards CWT, for information on aircraft designator types and wake turbulence separation tables. There are no changes to existing radiotelephony usage, “HEAVY” and “SUPER” are used when applicable.

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  • FAA emphasizes wake turbulence avoidance   AOPA

    FAA emphasizes wake turbulence avoidance AOPA

    The study of wake turbulence continues with the FAA modifying its aircraftseparation procedures as aircraft designs and capabilities and understanding of aircraft wake vortices’ behavior evolve. AOPA helps keep pilots up to date by raising safety awareness via our numerous media channels, and by helping the FAA distribute its messages and ...

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  • Turbulence Recategorization Predictive Model For FAA …

    Turbulence Recategorization Predictive Model For FAA …

    RDD ranges used for each aircraft wake category AD. Table 1 divides wake separation minima for the following aircraft categories A for Super Heavy, B for Upper Heavy, C for Lower Heavy, D for Upper Large, E for Lower Large, and F for Small category aircraft. 6. RECAT PHASE II The Phase II recategorization model expands on the static RDD equation

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  • Updated Wake Turbulence Separation Standards Increase

    Updated Wake Turbulence Separation Standards Increase

    Every aircraft generates a powerful wake as it flies, causing turbulence that affects other planes, particularly during takeoff and landing. The FAA put separation standards in place decades ago to ensure aircraft are spaced far enough apart that they dont encounter each others wakes. But standards protecting aircraft from wake turbulence also can inhibit airport capacity.

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  • Section 9  Departure Procedures and Separation

    Section 9 Departure Procedures and Separation

    “Caution wake turbulence, heavy Lockheed C5A departing runway two three.” 5. If action is initiated to reduce the separation between successive touchandgo or stopandgo operations, apply 3 minutes separation. c. When applying the provision of subpara b 1. Issue a wake turbulence advisory before clearing the aircraft for takeoff. 2.

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  • Presentation on Wake Turbulence Re Categorization …

    Presentation on Wake Turbulence Re Categorization …

    7 Background 1 of 2 zCurrent predictions indicate a doubling of air traffic by 2025 zCurrent ICAO, US and European separation standards are different, but all are safe zIn the US or Europe there has never been an accident caused by wake vortex under IFR separations and procedures zWake research and improved sensors provide an opportunity to increase capacity and

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  • Mitigation of Wake Turbulence Hazard   SKYbrary Aviation

    Mitigation of Wake Turbulence Hazard SKYbrary Aviation

    Work in this area is currently being undertaken as a joint EUROCONTROLFAA initiative. Wake turbulence encounters in other flight phases have been recorded in controlled airspace at well above radar separation minima but have not, in recent times, led to the terminal loss of control of a large commercial transport aircraft.

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  • En route Wake Vortex Hazard   SKYbrary Aviation Safety

    En route Wake Vortex Hazard SKYbrary Aviation Safety

    B733, enroute, Santa Barbara CA USA, 1999 On 2 September 1999, a United Airlines Boeing Boeing 737300 in the cruise at FL240, experienced severe turbulence due to an encounter with the wake vortex from a preceding MD11 on a similar track which had climbed through the level of the B737 with minimum lateral separation, 1.5 minutes earlier.

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  • Increased traffic flows involving closely spaced parallel

    Increased traffic flows involving closely spaced parallel

    Table 1 details the current FAA wake separation standards. The FAA recently approved a recategorization of wake turbulence separation minima from the current standard to a new standard RECAT Phase I. This approval was based on years of joint research and development by the FAA, Eurocontrol, scientific experts in wake, and experts in safety ...

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  • Measurements of Aircraft Wake Vortex Separation at …

    Measurements of Aircraft Wake Vortex Separation at …

    approaches, the nominal separation is 120 seconds, but it is increased to 180 seconds for small aircraft behind heavy aircraft due to wake concerns. The controller has the responsibility of spacing aircraft such that the separations in Table 1 are maintained. The FAA has the responsibility to ensure that the separations in Table 1 are adequate ...

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  • Terminal Area Separation Standards  Historical …

    Terminal Area Separation Standards Historical …

    Terminal Area Separation Standards Historical Development, Current Standards, and Processes for Change S.D. Thompson 16 January 1997 ... These requirements are documented in the Federal Aviation Administration’s FAA’s Air Traffic Control Order 7110.655, as amended, and various national and local Orders. ...

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  • FAA Changes Wake Turbulence Separation Minima for …

    FAA Changes Wake Turbulence Separation Minima for …

    Since 2006 the Federal Aviation Administration FAA has been working to develop a safe wake mitigation procedure that allows reduced wake turbulence separation during certain operations from closelyspaced parallel runways.

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  • FAA Changes Wake Turbulence Separation Minima for …

    FAA Changes Wake Turbulence Separation Minima for …

    Since 2006 the Federal Aviation Administration FAA has been working to develop a safe wake mitigation procedure that allows reduced wake turbulence separation during certain operations from closelyspaced parallel runways.

    Read More
  • Section 9  Departure Procedures and Separation

    Section 9 Departure Procedures and Separation

    “Caution wake turbulence, heavy Lockheed C5A departing runway two three.” 5. If action is initiated to reduce the separation between successive touchandgo or stopandgo operations, apply 3 minutes separation. c. When applying the provision of subpara b 1. Issue a wake turbulence advisory before clearing the aircraft for takeoff. 2.

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  • Section 3  Wake Turbulence   Federal Aviation Administration

    Section 3 Wake Turbulence Federal Aviation Administration

    PilotController Glossary Term Wake Turbulence. c. Pilots are reminded that in operations conducted behind all aircraft, acceptance of instructions from ATC in the following situations is an acknowledgment that the pilot will ensure safe takeoff and landing intervals and accepts the responsibility for providing wake turbulence separation. 1.

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  • DOT FAA AFS 440 22 Wake Vortex Safety Study for …

    DOT FAA AFS 440 22 Wake Vortex Safety Study for …

    and meet the Federal Aviation Administrations FAA established Target Level of Safety TLS. The study found that the PANC ATC proposal to waive the threeminute wake turbulence separation standard for opposite direction intersection take offs using Runways 7L and 25L at PANG does not increase the likelihood of wake vortex encounters beyond the

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  • Measurements of Aircraft Wake Vortex Separation at …

    Measurements of Aircraft Wake Vortex Separation at …

    approaches, the nominal separation is 120 seconds, but it is increased to 180 seconds for small aircraft behind heavy aircraft due to wake concerns. The controller has the responsibility of spacing aircraft such that the separations in Table 1 are maintained. The FAA has the responsibility to ensure that the separations in Table 1 are adequate ...

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  • ATC Wake Turbulence Separation Rules   PilotWorkshops

    ATC Wake Turbulence Separation Rules PilotWorkshops

    That excludes the vast majority of aircraft you’ll ever find yourself behind in a light aircraft, including most airliners. If you’re taking off behind a 737 in your Cessna 150, ATC is only required to provide a cautionary advisory for wake turbulence. You can request additional separation for wake turbulence any time you feel that you need it.

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  • Design Principles for a Separation Support Tool Allowing

    Design Principles for a Separation Support Tool Allowing

    II. NEW WAKE SEPARATION CONCEPTS The research in the wake vortex domain see e.g., 4, 5 made possible in the last years to tackle airport capacity issues by designing new concepts for wake separations between aircraft on approach and departure and improve runway throughput at those constrained airports.

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  • Wake Turbulence Separation Standards   Bob Tait s Aviation

    Wake Turbulence Separation Standards Bob Tait s Aviation

    Hey. So Ive been looking at the Wake Turbulence Separation Standards table in the AIP ENR 1.4 9.2.2, fresh from reading about wake turbulence and theres something about the table that doesnt click with my coffee marinated brain. It is clear that we have a leading and following aircraft and then for example, there is a column saying quotarrivingquot.

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  • En route Wake Vortex Hazard   SKYbrary Aviation Safety

    En route Wake Vortex Hazard SKYbrary Aviation Safety

    B733, enroute, Santa Barbara CA USA, 1999 On 2 September 1999, a United Airlines Boeing Boeing 737300 in the cruise at FL240, experienced severe turbulence due to an encounter with the wake vortex from a preceding MD11 on a similar track which had climbed through the level of the B737 with minimum lateral separation, 1.5 minutes earlier.

    Read More
  • FAA requires extra distance behind Boeing’s 787 and 747 8

    FAA requires extra distance behind Boeing’s 787 and 747 8

    The FAA said the interim standards are based in part on guidance received from the international regulatory organizations that studied the wake vortices of the Airbus 380800 in 2006.

    Read More
  • Runway Capacity Workbook   George Mason University

    Runway Capacity Workbook George Mason University

    The table below includes the equations used to model MCT. The rows in the table show the equations for MCT for the no Simultaneous Runway Occupancy rule, the Wake Vortex Separation Rule, and the ControllerPilot Separation Buffer. The 3rd column includes the equation for a homogeneous fleet mix i.e. all the same aircraft. The 4th

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  • DOT FAA AM 05 5 The Air Traffic Control Operational …

    DOT FAA AM 05 5 The Air Traffic Control Operational …

    When wake turbulence separation standards govern aircraft around an airport, SI point values for vertical separation are not calculated. Instead, intrail separations point values are used, as shown at the bottom of Table 1b.

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  • Exploration of Terminal Procedures Enabled by NASA …

    Exploration of Terminal Procedures Enabled by NASA …

    the Federal Aviation Administration FAA Wake Turbulence program office, provided ideas about the potential evolution of proposed FAA wake turbulence related procedures. George Greene of the FAA provided insight into ... Table Page 41. Distance Separation nmi …

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  • Wake Turbulence   Los Angeles ARTCC

    Wake Turbulence Los Angeles ARTCC

    Jul 10, 2017018332“Caution wake turbulence, you are six miles in trail of a heavy Boeing 767.” For a small aircraft you might issue, “Caution wake turbulence, Airbus 320 on a two mile final.” The 7110.65 specifies additional separation for aircraft arrivingdeparting behind an aircraft in a larger wake turbulence class, that information will be covered ...

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  • A

    A

    AIRCRAFT CLASSES For the purposes of Wake Turbulence Separation Minima, ATC classifies aircraft as Heavy, Large, and Small as follows a. Heavy Aircraft capable of takeoff weights of 300,000 pounds or more whether or not they are operating at this weight during a particular phase of flight.

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  • Wake Turbulence   CFI Notebook

    Wake Turbulence CFI Notebook

    The FAA has undertaken an effort to recategorize the existing fleet of aircraft and modify associated wake turbulence separation minima. This initiative is termed Wake Turbulence Recategorization RECAT, and changes the current weightbased classes Super, Heavy, B757, Large, Small, and Small to a wakebased categorical system that utilizes ...

    Read More
  • Section 2  Visual Separation   Federal Aviation Administration

    Section 2 Visual Separation Federal Aviation Administration

    A nonapproach control tower by accepting authorization for visual separation becomes responsible for ensuring that separation. Separation requirements also apply to VFR aircraft when IFR, Class B, Class C or TRSA separation is prescribed. REFERENCEFAAO JO 7110.65, Para 4811, Practice Approaches. FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 561, Application.

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  • Analysis on variation of wake separation standard at …

    Analysis on variation of wake separation standard at …

    wake separation between this type of aircraft and heavy aircraft is 9.3 km, which is 0.7 km less than before. In terms of the number of takeoffs and landings of the aircraft per day, The capacity problem can be greatly alleviated. Table 1 current radar wake spacing standards in China Aircraft type Radar wake separation (km) leader follower

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  • Design Principles for a Separation Support Tool Allowing

    Design Principles for a Separation Support Tool Allowing

    II. NEW WAKE SEPARATION CONCEPTS The research in the wake vortex domain see e.g., 4, 5 made possible in the last years to tackle airport capacity issues by designing new concepts for wake separations between aircraft on approach and departure and improve runway throughput at those constrained airports.

    Read More
  • Wake Turbulence Separation Standards   Bob Tait s Aviation

    Wake Turbulence Separation Standards Bob Tait s Aviation

    Hey. So Ive been looking at the Wake Turbulence Separation Standards table in the AIP ENR 1.4 9.2.2, fresh from reading about wake turbulence and theres something about the table that doesnt click with my coffee marinated brain. It is clear that we have a leading and following aircraft and then for example, there is a column saying quotarrivingquot.

    Read More
  • APPLYING QUALITATIVE HAZARD ANALYSIS TO …

    APPLYING QUALITATIVE HAZARD ANALYSIS TO …

    NASA and the FAA are currently investigating concepts of operations Conops for dynamically reducing wake vortex separation standards for closely spaced parallel runways during periods of favorable wind conditions 1, 2, 3. These Conops are predicated on a reliable prediction of wind conditions, coupled with accurate models of wake behavior.

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  • 2015 07 15 RECAT EU presentation brochure for print

    2015 07 15 RECAT EU presentation brochure for print

    Table 1 ICAO wake turbulence categories and separation minima Note 1 The Airbus A380800 A388, with a maximum takeoff mass in the order of 560 000 kg, is the largest passenger aircraft ever entered into revenue service. The aircraft is in the HEAVY wake turbulence category, which has no defined upper limit. For the A380800, an

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  • FAA requires extra distance behind Boeing’s 787 and 747 8

    FAA requires extra distance behind Boeing’s 787 and 747 8

    The FAA said the interim standards are based in part on guidance received from the international regulatory organizations that studied the wake vortices of the Airbus 380800 in 2006.

    Read More
  • EASA publishes safety information on Wake Vortex   EASA

    EASA publishes safety information on Wake Vortex EASA

    EASA published today a Safety Information Bulletin SIB to remind pilots and air traffic controllers about the risks associated with wake turbulence encounters at high altitude and about the applicable precautionary measures. Every flying aircraft generates turbulence in its wake. This wake turbulence consists of a pair of counterrotating vortices that can persist for several minutes behind ...

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  • DOT FAA AM 05 5 The Air Traffic Control Operational …

    DOT FAA AM 05 5 The Air Traffic Control Operational …

    When wake turbulence separation standards govern aircraft around an airport, SI point values for vertical separation are not calculated. Instead, intrail separations point values are used, as shown at the bottom of Table 1b.

    Read More
  •  PDF  Subject  Re categorization  RECAT  of FAA Wake

    PDF Subject Re categorization RECAT of FAA Wake

    Subject Recategorization RECAT of FAA Wake Turbulence Separation Categories at Specific Airports

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  • Break a Rule  See a Safety Issue    by FAA Safety Briefing

    Break a Rule See a Safety Issue by FAA Safety Briefing

    by Jennifer Caron, FAA Safety Briefing Copy Editor. It was early morning. The canopy of hazy weather and low clouds produced a steady drizzle of rain on the windshield of our cockpit as we waited ...

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  • Proposed Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach …

    Proposed Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach …

    closely spaced runways is the effect of wake turbulence. Today, runways less than 2500 ft apart must be treated as a single runway for wake turbulence separation. Standard wake turbulence separation provided in 7110.65, paragraph 554, Minima must be applied between succeeding landing aircraft approaching the parallel runways.

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  • ORDER JO 7110 659B Air Traffic Organization Policy

    ORDER JO 7110 659B Air Traffic Organization Policy

    FAA Order 7110.65 2119. WAKE TURBULENCE a. Apply wake turbulence procedures to an aircraft operating behind another aircraft when wake turbulence separation is required. NOTE − Para 5 − 5 − 4, Minima, subparagraph f, table 551, and subparagraph g, table 552, specify the required radar wake turbulence separations.

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  • JO 7110 126A   Consolidated Wake Turbulence  CWT

    JO 7110 126A Consolidated Wake Turbulence CWT

    Aug 28, 2019018332This order provides procedural guidance to FAA Order JO 7110.65, Air Traffic Control, related to the use of Consolidated Wake Turbulence procedures and separation minima. Content. JO 7110.126A PDF, 1.2 MB

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  • Order JO 7110   Federal Aviation Administration

    Order JO 7110 Federal Aviation Administration

    the four current set of standards. This has resulted in using all timebased wake turbulence separation standards from FAA Order JO 7110.65. Radarbased wake turbulence separation will be based on a categorical system that further refines the grouping of aircraft to provide throughput gains at many of

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  • ORDER JO 7110 126A Air Traffic Organization Policy

    ORDER JO 7110 126A Air Traffic Organization Policy

    Separation reductions were achieved with a better understanding of wake behavior and with pairwise separation of aircraft. d the most CWT use operationally advantageous separation standards from the four previous sets of standards while retai ning the use of all timebased wake turbulence separation standards from FAA Order JO 7110.65. is

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  • JO 7110 123   Wake Turbulence Recategorization   Phase II

    JO 7110 123 Wake Turbulence Recategorization Phase II

    This change transmits revised pages to Federal Aviation Administration Order JO 7110.123, Wake Turbulence Recategorization Phase II. ... Table 233, block 3 Number of aircraft if more than one, wake category indicator, type of ... since the last update to the FAA weight classes and associated wake turbulence separation minima. The FAA has ...

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  • SAFO 12007  Recategorization  RECAT  of Federal …

    SAFO 12007 Recategorization RECAT of Federal …

    FAA plans to expand RECAT to other airports in 20132014. Background The FAA currently uses six 6 wake turbulence separation categories based primarily on weight Super A380, Heavy, B757, Large, Small, and Small. RECAT applies advances in knowledge of wake physics over the breadth of the current wake categories. Table 1 details the ...

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  • Section 5   Federal Aviation Administration

    Section 5 Federal Aviation Administration

    When applying wake turbulence separation criteria, directly behind means an aircraft is operating within 2500 feet of the flight path of the leading aircraft over the surface of the earth. 2. Consider parallel runways less than 2,500 feet apart as a single runway because of the possible effects of wake …

    Read More
  • AIM   Federal Aviation Administration

    AIM Federal Aviation Administration

    To use the table, find the reported temperature in the left column, and read across the top row to locate the height above the airport subtract the airport elevation from the flight altitude. Find the intersection of the temperature row and height above airport column.

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  • Aircraft Wake Turbulence   Federal Aviation Administration

    Aircraft Wake Turbulence Federal Aviation Administration

    This advisory circular AC presents basic information on wake vortex behavior, alerts pilots to the hazards of aircraft wake turbulence, and recommends operational procedures to avoid wake turbulence encounters. 2. CANCELLATION. AC 9023F, Aircraft Wake Turbulence, dated February 20, 2002, is canceled. 3. INTRODUCTION.

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